Very young adolescents VYAs between the ages of 10 and 14 represent about half of the 1. In lower- and middle-income countries, where most unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions, maternal deaths and sexually transmitted infections occur, investment in positive youth development to promote sexual and reproductive health SRH is increasing. Most interventions, though, focus on older adolescents, overlooking VYAs. Since early adolescence marks a critical transition between childhood and older adolescence and adulthood, setting the stage for future SRH and gendered attitudes and behaviours, targeted investment in VYAs is imperative to lay foundations for healthy future relationships and positive SRH. This article advocates for such investments and identifies roles that policy-makers, donors, programme designers and researchers and evaluators can play to address the disparity. There are 1.
As children approach their early teens, puberty begins. These are the changes that will lead to adulthood, and the ability to have children. The developments affect the body in terms of size, shape, and composition, as well as internal body systems and structure. Psychological and social changes also take place. Boys and girls grow rapidly in the first half of puberty, and they stop growing when puberty is completed. Hormone signals from the brain will tell the body that it is time for puberty to start.
This guide outlines what children are able to understand at different stages. Beginning a conversation about sexuality early and continuing that conversation as the child grows is the best sex education strategy. Every child is different, but here is a rough guide to what children should be able to understand about sexuality and reproduction at different stages. Toddlers should be able to name all the body parts including the genitals.
In medicine , precocious puberty is puberty occurring at an unusually early age. In most cases, the process is normal in every aspect except the unusually early age and simply represents a variation of normal development. In a minority of children with precocious puberty, the early development is triggered by a disease such as a tumor or injury of the brain. Central precocious puberty can be treated by suppressing the pituitary hormones that induce sex steroid production. The opposite condition is delayed puberty.